Portable Fuel Cell Market Size & Share, by Fuel Type (Hydrogen, Methanol, Ethanol, Butane, Oxide); Application (Stationary, Transportation); Type (PEMFC, PAFC, AFC, MFC, SOFC, DMFC); End-user (Marine, Automotive, Government Utilities, Defense) - Global Supply & Demand Analysis, Growth Forecasts, Statistics Report 2023-2035

  • Report ID: 3701
  • Published Date: Apr 24, 2023
  • Report Format: PDF, PPT

Global Market Size, Forecast, and Trend Highlights Over 2023-2035

Portable Fuel Cell Market size is expected to surpass USD 288 billion by the end of 2035, growing at a CAGR of 26% during the forecast period i.e., 2023-2035. In the year 2022, the industry size of portable fuel cell was over USD 3 billion. The primary growth factor for the development of the global market during the forecast period is the rising demand for energy along with the need for an uninterrupted power supply to carry out various applications and services. As per recent statistics, it is forecasted that the global electricity demand is expected to considerably grow by the end of 2023. Furthermore, it is stated that an additional 2,500 terawatt hours (TWh) of electricity demand is anticipated to be added by 2025. Thus, this 9% growth would take the global electricity demand to almost 30,000 terawatt hours (TWh).

A portable fuel cell is a technologically advanced device that acts as a battery, and does not need recharging or does not run down, as long as fuel is supplied as an oxidant. Hence, these portable fuel cells are a high-demand product in numerous industries including automotive, electrical & electronics, and others. This is considered to be a major factor for market growth during the predicted period.

Portable Fuel Cell Market
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Portable Fuel Cell Market: Key Insights

Base Year


Forecast Year

2023 – 2035



Base Year Market Size (2022)

~USD 3 Billion

Forecast Year Market Size (2035)

~USD 288 Billion

Regional Scope

  • North America (U.S., and Canada)
  • Latin America (Mexico, Argentina, Rest of Latin America)
  • Asia-Pacific (Japan, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Australia, Rest of Asia-Pacific)
  • Europe (U.K., Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Russia, NORDIC, Rest of Europe)
  • Middle East and Africa (Israel, GCC North Africa, South Africa, Rest of the Middle East and Africa)
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Portable Fuel Cell Sector: Growth Drivers and Challenges


Growth Drivers

  • Rapid Growth of the Automotive Industry - A portable fuel cell is a very vital component in the automotive industry because automobiles such as buses, utility vehicles, cars, scooters, and bicycles require a secondary power source to recharge the batteries when needed. Thus, the rapid growth in the automotive industry is estimated to generate favorable opportunities for the utilization of portable fuel cells by vehicle manufacturers. As per recent records, it has been stated the global automotive sector generated a revenue of approximately USD 3 trillion in 2021. This figure is anticipated to constantly rise and reach almost USD 8 trillion by 2035.
  • Escalation in the Electronics and Electrical Industry - The demand for consumer electronic items such as laptops, mobiles, tablets, television, fridge, and others have been on a constant rise. As a result, the usage of portable fuel cells in electronics has also grown considerably, as fuel cells are capable of producing electrical power from the electrochemical process and further use the chemical substance/material as a source of fuel. Therefore, the expansion of the electronics and electrical industry is estimated to drive portable fuel cell market in the assessment period.
  • Rising Carbon Footprint Across the World - With rapid urbanization and industrialization, the amount of carbon emission has also increased. This factor is estimated to surge the demand for portable cell fuels to curb energy combustion while lowering the release of carbon and saving the environment. As per the data released by the International Energy Agency (IEA), it has been stated that the global carbon dioxide (C02) emission from energy combustion and industrial processes rose 10 0.9% or 321 Mt in 2022 to a new all-time high of 36.8 Gt.


  • Requirement of High Cost in the Manufacturing Process – During the initial stage, a high amount of investment is required to manufacture portable fuel cells using metals such as platinum and iridium that is frequently needed as catalysts in these devices. Furthermore, owing to higher costs of raw material also makes manufacturing portable fuel cells expensive.
  • Inadequate Infrastructure to Support Hydrogen Distribution
  • Rising Difficulty in Storing and Distributing Fuel

Portable Fuel Cell Segmentation

Fuel Type (Hydrogen, Methanol, Ethanol, Butane, Oxide)

The hydrogen segment in the portable fuel cell market is estimated to gain the largest revenue share of about ~31% in the year 2035, owing to the rising preference for hydrogen which lessens the reliance on fossil fuels and lowers the emission of carbon dioxide for protection of the environment. Further, the demand for hydrogen is estimated to increase as the result of several government regulations to save nature and the earth is anticipated to bolster segment growth in the estimated period. For instance, in 2021, the world's demand for hydrogen increased by 5% to 94 Mt, primarily owing to increased activity in the chemical and refining industries. Moreover, the consumption of hydrogen was 91 Mt in 2019.

End User (Marine, Automotive, Government Utilities, Defense)

Portable fuel cell market from the automotive segment is expected to garner a significant share in the year 2035. This can be impelled by the rising demand & production rate of automobiles and the high utilization rate of the portable fuel cell to ensure the proper functioning of the electrical system of the vehicle. The International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA), released global sales of vehicle statistics which revealed that it rose to 56 million in 2021 from 53 million in 2020. Whereas, the global production of vehicles was calculated to be 57 million in 2021. 

Our in-depth analysis of the global market includes the following segments:



   Fuel Type

  • Hydrogen
  • Methanol
  • Ethanol
  • Butane
  • Oxide



  • Stationary
  •  Transportation



   End User

  • Marine
  • Automotive
  • Government Utilities
  • Defense




  • PAFC
  • AFC
  • MFC
  • SOFC
  • DMFC

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Portable Fuel Cell Industry-Regional Synopsis

North America Market Forecasts

The portable fuel cell market in North America is poised to be the largest with a share of about 35% by the end of 2035. The major growth factor for the market expansion in the region can be attributed to the rise in the number of data centers and the growing count of fuel cell vehicles in the region which generates the need for a portable fuel cell for proper functioning in the longer run. According to reports, more than 2,600 data centers in the United States use more than 1.5% of the country's total energy. Moreover, there are now nearly 328 colocation data centers, around 24 network fabrics, and over 500 service providers in Canada. Besides this, as of February 2019, there were more than 6,500 fuel cell vehicles on American roads.

APAC Market Statistics

The Asia Pacific portable fuel cell market is estimated to grow significantly during the time period between 2023 – 2035. The market in the Asia Pacific region is estimated to witness noteworthy growth over the forecast period on the back of rising demand for EVs in Japan and South Korea, along with increasing usage of fuel cells in vehicles in the region. Apart from this, the growing government investments in clean power generation are also expected to boost market growth in the region.

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Portable Fuel Cell Market Size
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Companies Dominating the Portable Fuel Cell Landscape

    • Ballard Power Systems Inc.
      • Company Overview
      • Business Strategy
      • Key Product Offerings
      • Financial Performance
      • Key Performance Indicators
      • Risk Analysis
      • Recent Development
      • Regional Presence
      • SWOT Analysis
    • Plug Power Inc.
    • Cummins Inc.
    • BASF SE
    • Bloom Energy
    • TW Horizon Fuel Cell Technologies
    • Intelligent Energy Limited
    • SFC Energy AG
    • Hydrogenics Corporation


In The News

  • Mitsubishi Power, Ltd. Received an order pan-Europe for a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). The system will be put into operation by March 2022 and is developed to supply heat and electricity independently of the existing power grid.
  • Plug Power Inc., a global leader in energy solutions announced the launch of its new product a 30-kilowatt (kW) hydrogen fuel cell engine.

Author Credits:  Payel Roy, Dhruv Bhatia

  • Report ID: 3701
  • Published Date: Apr 24, 2023
  • Report Format: PDF, PPT

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

The expansion of the electrical and electronics sector and rapid growth in the automotive sector are some of the major factors anticipated to drive the growth of the portable fuel cell market.

The market is anticipated to attain a CAGR of 26% over the forecast period, i.e., 2023-2035.

The major players in the market are Mitsubishi Power, Ltd., Plug Power Inc., Cummins Inc., Panasonic Corporation, Bloom Energy, TW Horizon Fuel Cell Technologies, Intelligent Energy Limited, and others.

The hydrogen segment is anticipated to garner the largest market size by the end of 2035 and display significant growth opportunities.

The market in North America is projected to hold the largest market share by the end of 2035 and provide more business opportunities in the future.
Portable Fuel Cell Market Report Scope

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