Portable Fuel Cell Market Analysis by Fuel Type (Hydrogen, Methanol, Ethanol, Butane, Oxide); Application (Stationary, Transportation); Type (PEMFC, PAFC, AFC, MFC, SOFC, DMFC); End-User (Marine, Automotive, Government Utilities, Defense) – Global Supply & Demand Analysis & Opportunity Outlook 2023-2035

Buy Now Report ID: 3701 | Published Date: Apr 24, 2023

Global Portable Fuel Cell Market Size, Forecast, and Trend Highlights Over 2023 - 2035

Portable Fuel Cell Market size is estimated to reach ~USD 10 Billion by the end of 2035 by growing at a CAGR of ~20% over the forecast period, i.e., 2023 – 2035. In addition to this, in the year 2022, the market size of the portable fuel cell was ~USD 4 Billion. The primary growth factor for the development of the global market during the forecast period is the rising demand for energy along with the need for an uninterrupted power supply to carry out various applications and services. As per recent statistics, it is forecasted that the global demand for electricity is expected to considerably grow by the end of 2023. Furthermore, it is stated that an additional 2,500 terawatt hours (TWh) of electricity demand is anticipated to be added by 2025. Thus, this 9% growth would take the global electricity demand to almost 30,000 terawatt hours (TWh).

A portable fuel cell is a technologically advanced device that acts as a battery, and does not need recharging or does not run down, as long as fuel is supplied as an oxidant. Hence, these portable fuel cells are a high-demand product in numerous industries including automotive, electrical & electronics, and others. This is considered to be a major factor for market growth during the forecast period. Also, the constantly growing technology in the fuel cell industry is anticipated to bring lucrative growth opportunities for market expansion in the near future. In addition to the aforementioned factors, the market is slated to expect promising growth owing to the growing demand for compact, portable, and rechargeable fuel cells for various applications along with the added benefits of portable cell fuels over traditional batteries.

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Global Portable Fuel Cell Market: Key Insights


Base Year


Forecast Year




Base Year Market Size (2022)

~ USD 4 Billion

Forecast Year Market Size (2035)

~ USD 10 Billion

Regional Scope

  • North America (U.S., and Canada)
  • Latin America (Mexico, Argentina, Rest of Latin America)
  • Asia-Pacific (Japan, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Australia, Rest of Asia-Pacific)
  • Europe (U.K., Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Russia, NORDIC, Rest of Europe)
  • Middle East and Africa (Israel, GCC North Africa, South Africa, Rest of the Middle East and Africa)


Global Portable Fuel Cell Market: Growth Drivers and Challenges


Growth Drivers

  • Rapid Growth of the Automotive Industry – A portable fuel cell is a very vital component in the automotive industry owing to the fact that automobiles such as buses, utility vehicles, cars, scooters, and bicycles require a secondary power source to recharge the batteries when needed. Moreover, a portable fuel cell is responsible for the smooth functioning of the vehicle’s electrical system. Thus, the rapid growth in the automotive industry is estimated to generate favorable opportunities for the utilization of portable fuel cells by vehicle manufacturers.  As per recent records, it has been stated the global automotive sector generated a revenue of approximately USD 3 trillion in 2021. This figure is anticipated to constantly rise and reach almost USD 8 trillion by 2035.
  • Escalation in the Electronics and Electrical Industry – The demand for consumer electronic items such as laptops, mobiles, tablets, television, fridge, and others have been on a constant rise. As a result, the usage of portable fuel cells in electronics has also grown considerably, as fuel cells are capable of producing electrical power from the electrochemical process and further use the chemical substance/material as a source of fuel. Therefore, the expansion of the electronics and electrical industry is estimated to drive market growth in the forecast period. As per recent estimates, it was calculated that the revenue generated by the U.S. electronics industry in 2019 stood at USD 300 billion.
  • Rising Carbon Footprint Across the World – With rapid urbanization and industrialization, the amount of carbon emission has also increased. This factor is estimated to surge the demand for portable cell fuels to curb energy combustion while lowering the release of carbon and saving the environment. As per the data released by the International Energy Agency (IEA), it has been stated that the global carbon dioxide (CO2) emission from energy combustion and industrial processes rose to 0.9% or 321 Mt in 2022 to a new all-time high of 36.8 Gt.
  • Growing Use of Hydrogen Energy – In portable fuel cells, the use of hydrogen is mandatory as a byproduct to reduce the discharge of dangerous substances and release of only 2 by-products i.e. heat and water. Therefore, with the rising regulations and government norms regarding environmental protection and carbon emission, the global population is propelled to switch to hydrogen generation. This factor is considered to positively contribute to the expansion of the global portable fuel cell market in the assessment period. In 2021, the world's demand for hydrogen increased by 5% to 94 Mt, primarily owing to increased activity in the chemical and refining industries. Moreover, the consumption of hydrogen was 91 Mt in 2019.
  • Increasing Number of Data Centers – As a result of rapid industrialization, data center services have increased to meet the needs of the global population. As data centers are energy-intensive, it has been stated that the global data center industry is responsible for almost 5% of global energy consumption. Hence, the high number of data centers is expected to increase the utilization rate of portable fuel cells in the upcoming years. There were around 8,000 data centers worldwide as of January 2021, spread across 110 different nations. Six of these nations are the United States with 33 percent of the total data centers, the United Kingdom with 5 percent, and China with a share of 6 percent.



  • Requirement of a High Cost in The Manufacturing Process – During the initial stage, a high amount of investment is required to manufacture portable fuel cells as the cost of fuel cells uses metals such as platinum and iridium that is frequently needed as catalysts in these devices. Moreover, owing to the higher cost of raw materials, also makes the manufacturing of portable fuel cells expensive. All these factors couple up to increase the cost of the portable fuel cell and impose a major roadblock to the market’s growth.
  • Inadequate Infrastructure to Support Hydrogen Distribution
  • Rising Difficulty in Storing and Distributing Fuel

Global Portable Fuel Cell Market Segmentation

The portable fuel cell market is segmented and analyzed for demand and supply by fuel type into hydrogen, methanol, ethanol, butane, oxide, and others. Out of these types of fuel, the hydrogen segment is estimated to gain the largest market share of about ~31% in the year 2035, owing to the rising preference for hydrogen which lessens the reliance on fossil fuels and lowers the emission of carbon dioxide for protection of the environment. Further, the demand for hydrogen is estimated to increase as the result of several government regulations to save the nature and earth is anticipated to bolster segment growth in the forecast period. For instance, in 2021, the world's demand for hydrogen increased by 5% to 94 Mt, primarily owing to increased activity in the chemical and refining industries. Moreover, the consumption of hydrogen was 91 Mt in 2019. Also, hydrogen-based portable fuel cells are considered to be a perfect solution for clean energy, and a better alternative than other fuels are also expected to impetus a robust revenue generation for segment expansion in the next few years.

The portable fuel cell market is also segmented and analyzed for demand and supply by end-user into marine, automotive, government utilities, defense, and others. Amongst these segments, the automotive segment is expected to garner a significant share of around ~38% in the year 2035 on the account of rising demand and production rate of automobiles and the high utilization rate of the portable fuel cell to ensure the proper functioning of the electrical system of the vehicle. The International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA), released global sales of vehicle statistics which revealed that it rose to 56 million in 2021 from 53 million in 2020. Whereas, the global production of vehicles was calculated to be 57 million in 2021. Also, vehicles consist of a complex electrical system that requires an uninterrupted power supply is anticipated to generate favorable opportunities for market players and segment growth.

Our in-depth analysis of the global portable fuel cell market includes the following segments:

       By Fuel Type

  • Hydrogen
  • Methanol
  • Ethanol
  • Butane
  • Oxide
  • Others

       By Application

  • Stationary
  • Transportation

       By Type

  • PAFC
  • AFC
  • MFC
  • SOFC
  • DMFC

       By End User

  • Marine
  • Automotive
  • Government Utilities
  • Defense
  • Others


Global Portable Fuel Cell Market Regional Synopsis


The market share of portable fuel cell in North America, amongst the market in all the other regions, is poised to be the largest with a share of about ~35% by the end of 2035. The major growth factor for the market expansion of the market in the region can be attributed to the rise in the number of data centers and the growing count of fuel cell vehicles in the region which generates the need for a portable fuel cell for proper functioning in the longer run. According to reports, more than 2,600 data centers in the United States use more than 1.5% of the country's total energy. Moreover, there are now nearly 328 colocation data centers, around 24 network fabrics, and over 500 service providers in Canada. Besides this, as of February 2019, there were more than 6,500 fuel cell vehicles on American roads.

The Asia Pacific portable fuel cell market is estimated to be the second largest, registering a share of about ~24% by the end of 2035. The market in the Asia Pacific region is estimated to witness noteworthy growth over the forecast period on the back of rising demand for EVs in Japan and South Korea, along with increasing usage of fuel cells in vehicles in the region. Apart from this, the growing government investments in clean power generation are also expected to boost market growth in the region.

Further, the market in the European region, amongst the market in all the other regions, is projected to hold a majority of the share by the end of 2035. The major factors for market growth during the forecast period are the rising demand for alternative energy sources, efficient technologies for growing economically developing regions, and expanding end-use industries in the region. Furthermore, the increasing demand for cleaner energy to overcome environmental concerns and the need for greater efficiency than traditional energy technology are other factors that are projected to create a positive outlook for market expansion in the region.

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Top Featured Companies Dominating the Global Portable Fuel Cell Market

    • Ballard Power Systems Inc.
      • Company Overview
      • Business Strategy
      • Key Product Offerings
      • Financial Performance
      • Key Performance Indicators
      • Risk Analysis
      • Recent Development
      • Regional Presence
      • SWOT Analysis
    • Mitsubishi Power, Ltd.
    • Plug Power Inc.
    • Cummins Inc.
    • Panasonic Corporation
    • Bloom Energy
    • TW Horizon Fuel Cell Technologies
    • Intelligent Energy Limited
    • SFC Energy AG
    • Hydrogenics Corporation


In The News

  • Mitsubishi Power, Ltd. received an order pan-Europe for a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). The system will be put into operation by March 2022 and is developed to supply heat and electricity independently of the existing power grid.
  • Plug Power Inc., a global leader in energy solutions announced the launch of its new product, a 30-kilowatt (kW) hydrogen fuel cell engine.


Global Economic Impact

Request Insights
Despite Inflation & Fearing Recession, Businesses Across the Globe Expected to Do Better in 2023:

In 2023, market players might incur losses due to huge gap in currency translation followed by contracting revenues, shrinking profit margins & cost pressure on logistics and supply chain.
Controlling Inflation has become the first priority for global economies from last quarter of 2022 and to be followed in 2023. With skewed economic situations, rise in interest rate by governments to control spending and inflation, spiked oil and gas prices, high inflation, geo-political issues including U.S. & China trade war, Russia-Ukraine conflict to intensify the global economic issues.
The interest rates in the U.S. may be less sensitive in 2023 as compared to 2022; sigh of relief for businesses. Positive business sentiments, healthy business balance sheets, growth in construction spending (private construction value in 2022 stood at $1,429.2 billion, 11.7 percent (±1.0 percent) above the $1,279.5 billion spent in 2021, Residential construction in 2022 was $899.1 billion, up by 13.3 percent (±2.1 percent) from $793.7 billion in 2021, non-residential construction touched $530.1 billion, 9.1 percent (±1.0 percent) above the $485.8 billion in 2021.) showcases minimal impact of recession in the country.
Similarly, spiked spending in the European and major Asia economics including, India, China & Japan to showcase less impact on the global demand.

Author Credits:  Payel Roy, Dhruv Bhatia

Key Questions Answered in the Report

1) What are the major factors driving the growth of the portable fuel cell market?

Ans: The growing application of portable fuel cells in vehicles, and the high demand for EVs are estimated to boost the market growth during the forecast period.

2) What would be the CAGR of portable fuel cell market over the forecast period?

Ans: The market size of the portable fuel cell is anticipated to attain a CAGR of ~20% over the forecast period, i.e., 2023 – 2035.

3) What are the challenges affecting the portable fuel cell market growth?

Ans: Low production rate and requirement of a high initial investment are estimated to be the growth hindering factors for the market expansion.

4) Which region will provide more business opportunities for growth of portable fuel cell market in future?

Ans: The market in the North American region is projected to hold the largest market share by the end of 2035 and provide more business opportunities in the future.

5) Who are the major players dominating the portable fuel cell market?

Ans: The major players in the market are Ballard Power Systems Inc., Mitsubishi Power, Ltd., Plug Power Inc., Cummins Inc., Panasonic Corporation, Bloom Energy, TW Horizon Fuel Cell Technologies, Intelligent Energy Limited, SFC Energy AG, Hydrogenics Corporation, and other key players.

6) How are the company profiles selected?

Ans: The company profiles are selected based on the revenues generated from the product segment, the geographical presence of the company which determines the revenue generating capacity as well as the new products being launched into the market by the company.

7) What are the segments in the portable fuel cell market?

Ans: The market is segmented by fuel type, type, application, end-user, and by region.

8) Which segment captures the largest market size in end-user segment in the portable fuel cell market?

Ans: The automotive segment is anticipated to garner the largest market size by the end of 2035 and display significant growth opportunities.

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