Cysteine Market Size & Share, by Production Process (Natural, Synthetic); Application (Conditioner, Flavor Enhancer, Reducing Agent, Production of Human Insulin); End-user (Food, Pharmaceutical, Animal Feed) - Global Supply & Demand Analysis, Growth Forecasts, Statistics Report 2023-2035

  • Report ID: 4263
  • Published Date: Feb 23, 2023
  • Report Format: PDF, PPT

Global Market Size, Forecast, and Trend Highlights Over 2023-2035

Cysteine Market size is estimated to surpass USD 500 Billion by the end of 2035, growing at a CAGR of 6% during the forecast period i.e., 2023-2035. In the year 2022, the industry size cysteine was over USD 356 Billion.The market is estimated to grow on the back of increasing demand for cysteine from the pharmaceutical industry. In the pharmaceutical industry, cysteine used to make its derivatives, which are further used as a processing aid in refolding of genetically modified proteins. Therefore, the growth of the pharmaceutical industry is anticipated to provide lucrative growth opportunities to the global cysteine market in the coming years. According to the data, under the Strengthening Pharmaceutical Industry (SPI) scheme in India, a financial outlay of about ~USD 660 million was announced for the further development of the pharmaceutical industry for the period from 2021-22 to 2025-26.

The global cysteine market is also estimated to witness noteworthy growth over the forecast period on the back of the rising adoption of cysteine from the cosmetic industry, as it is highly used as an anti-agent. It was observed that more than ~45 billion are produced from cosmetic sales in the United States each year. The rising identification and detection of diseases or disorders caused by cysteine ​​deficiency in the human body is also expected to boost market growth during the forecast period. Moreover, rising health awareness and an increasing proportion of disposable income are also projected to drive the growth of the global cysteine market in the coming years.

Cysteine Market
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Cysteine Sector: Growth Drivers and Challenges

Growth Drivers

  • Increasing Consumption Rate of Bakery Products – It was estimated that about ~324 million Americans consumed bread in the United States in 2019 and this figure is projected to reach ~334 million by the end of 2024.

In the bakery industry, cysteine is used as a dough conditioner to break down gluten disulfide bonds. It is helpful to reduce the dough viscosity and increase the elasticity so it’ll get puffed up during baking. Furthermore, there are no significant health issues associated with the utilization of cysteine. Cysteine is not considered to be a vegetarian source, hence, not appropriate to be consumed by vegans. The increasing consumption of bakery products is expected to increase the demand for cysteine from the bakery industry over the forecast period.

  • Growth of the Chemical Industry – According to statistics, in 2019, the Indian chemical industry was valued at around ~USD 175 billion, which is projected to grow to ~USD 300 billion by the end of 2025.
  • Increased Research & Development Expenditure – As per data by the World Bank, global research and development expenditure in proportion to gross domestic product (GDP) was around 2.63% in 2020, up from 2.2% in 2018. The production and distribution of cysteine can receive notable benefits from the increment in the R&D expenditure since it is the money spent on creative work and new applications.
  • Rising Support from the Government through Various Policies and Schemes – As per the data, in India, around ~USD 26 million was allocated by the government to the Department of Petrochemicals under the Union Budget 2022-23.
  • Increasing Level of Geriatric Population Globally– According to the World Health Organization (WHO) data, the population aged 60 years and above stood at around ~USD 1 billion in 2020, which is projected to reach ~USD 1.4 billion by 2030. Cysteine is believed to be a much-needed anti-aging component for bones and connective tissue, which is further estimated to drive market growth in the coming years.


  • Availability of Alternates of Cysteine
  • Presence of Increased Level of Nitrogen in Cysteine and Reduced Efficacy of Kidney
  • Production Cost of Synthetic Cysteine is High

Cysteine Market: Key Insights

Base Year


Forecast Year




Base Year Market Size (2022)

~ USD 356 Billion

Forecast Year Market Size (2035)

~ USD 500 Billion

Regional Scope

  • North America (U.S., and Canada)
  • Latin America (Mexico, Argentina, Rest of Latin America)
  • Asia-Pacific (Japan, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Australia, Rest of Asia-Pacific)
  • Europe (U.K., Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Russia, NORDIC, Rest of Europe)
  • Middle East and Africa (Israel, GCC North Africa, South Africa, Rest of the Middle East and Africa)
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Cysteine Segmentation

End-user (Food, Pharmaceutical, Animal Feed)

The global cysteine market is segmented and analyzed for demand and supply by end-use industry into food, pharmaceutical, animal feed, and others. Out of these four segments, the food segment is estimated to gain the largest market share in the year 2035. The growth of the segment can be attributed to the increasing growth and sales of the food and beverages industry. According to the data, about ~USD 2.1 trillion of food was supplied by the food retail and food service industry in 2021, of which about ~USD 1.1 trillion worth of food was supplied by food service facilities. Cysteine ​​is widely used as a process of flavoring in the food industry and is mostly adopted when preparing meat seasonings and roasting flavors. In addition, the increased consumption rate of food and health care supplements in the day-to-day diet are also projected to support the growth of this segment in the coming years.

Application (Conditioner, Flavor Enhancer, Reducing Agent, Production of Human Insulin)

The global cysteine market is also segmented and analyzed for demand and supply by application into conditioners, flavor enhancers, reducing agents, production of human insulin, and others. Cysteine is considered to be the most useful protein for hair and gets dissolved with other proteins already present in the hair. It can make the hair look softer and makes hair curl-free. Cysteine creates a protective shield around the hair to prevent any sort of damage. It is projected to prevent certain hair diseases such as androgenetic alopecia, hair shaft breakage, alopecia areata, telogen & anagen effluvium, and others. It was observed that around 30 million women and 45 million men suffer from androgenetic alopecia. Androgenetic alopecia common disease that causes hair loss at a rapid pace. This disease is considered to be hereditary and is also treated with surgery and medication.

Our in-depth analysis of the global cysteine market includes the following segments:


           By Production Process

  • Natural
  • Synthetic
  • Others

            By Application

  • Conditioner
  • Flavor Enhancer
  • Reducing Agent
  • Production of Human Insulin
  • Others

              By End Use Industry

  • Food
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Animal Feed
  • Others

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Cysteine Industry - Regional Synopsis

North American Market Forecast

The North American cysteine market, amongst the market in all the other regions, is projected to hold the largest market share by the end of 2035. The growth of the market can be attributed majorly to the increasing level of the geriatric population with osteogenesis imperfecta needing anti-aging components and the growth of the pharmaceutical industry in the region boosting the demand for cysteine. It was noticed that in 2019, there were approximately 53 million people over the age of 65 in the United States, representing about 16% of the population, which is projected to reach 21% by 2040. Hence, such factors are estimated to drive the growth of the market in the region during the forecast period.

APAC Market Statistics

Further, the market in Asia Pacific is estimated to register significant growth during the forecast period, owing to the growth of the food and beverage industry in the region. In India, the bakery industry is increasing its expansion and the demand for cysteine ​​from the bakery industry is also expected to increase owing to dough conditioning and other applications.  Moreover, increasing production of biscuits and cookies is also estimated to drive the growth of the global cysteine market in the region during the forecast period. According to statistics, around 630 thousand metric tons of biscuits and cookies were produced in the South Asian country of India in 2020. It shows that there is a huge demand for cysteine in the production of snack food such as biscuits, pastries, and others. For instance, between 2023 to 2027, the snack food segment in Asia is projected to grow by approximately 6% summing up to a total volume of USD 300 billion in 2027.

Research Nester
Cysteine Market Size
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Companies Dominating the Cysteine Landscape

    • Wacker Chemie AG
      • Company Overview
      • Business Strategy
      • Key Product Offerings
      • Financial Performance
      • Key Performance Indicators
      • Risk Analysis
      • Recent Development
      • Regional Presence
      • SWOT Analysis
    • Nippon Rika Kogyosho CO., LTD.
    • Ajinomoto Co., Inc.
    • Wuxi Bikang Bioengineering Co., Ltd
    • Merck KGaA
    • Croda International plc
    • SERVA Electrophoresis GmbH
    • Chemyunion Inc.
    • Asiamerica Group, Inc.
    • Exela Pharma Sciences, LLC

In the News

  • Exela Pharma Sciences, LLC, a leading healthcare products provider, today announced the launch of ELCYS (cysteine hydrochloride injection), the only FDA-approved cysteine hydrochloride injection available in the United States market.

  • Wacker Chemie AG, the life science division of the WACKER group, has started the production line for cysteine in Spain. The new site aims to produce cysteine resulting from fermentation to meet growing global customer demand.

Author Credits:  Smruti Ranjan, Rajrani Baghel

  • Report ID: 4263
  • Published Date: Feb 23, 2023
  • Report Format: PDF, PPT

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Rising support from the government through various policies and schemes and increasing consumption rate of bakery products are the major factors driving the market growth.

The market is anticipated to attain a CAGR of ~6% over the forecast period, i.e., 2023-2035.

Side effects of cysteine consumption such as increased levels of nitrogen in the body and reduced efficacy of kidneys are estimated to be the growth-hindering factors for the market expansion.

The market in the North American region is projected to hold the largest market share by the end of 2035 and provide more business opportunities in the future.

The major players in the market are Nippon Rika Kogyosho CO., LTD., Ajinomoto Co., Inc., Wuxi Bikang Bioengineering Co., Ltd, Merck KGaA, Croda International plc, SERVA Electrophoresis GmbH, Chemyunion Inc., Asiamerica Group, Inc., Exela Pharma Sciences, LLC, and others.

The company profiles are selected based on the revenues generated from the product segment, the geographical presence of the company which determines the revenue generating capacity as well as the new products being launched into the market by the company.

The market is segmented by the production process, application, end-use industry, and by region.

he food segment is anticipated to garner the largest market size by the end of 2035 and display significant growth opportunities.
Cysteine Market Report Scope

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