Biomaterials are artificially engineered biological substance which interacts with the biological systems. The science of biomaterials includes chemistry, biology, medicine, tissue engineering and material science. Biomaterials are developed in the laboratory artificially or can be directly synthesized from nature. They are artificial materials which can be used for implantation or replacement/repair of a normal healthy tissue in the body and are also used in regenerative dentistry followed by cartilage and bone replacement procedures in the field of orthopaedic surgery.
Its potential to generate a physiological response which is supportive to the function of biomaterial as well as performance is technically called bioactivity. In the case of bioactive ceramics, the term bioactive is often used to refer the ability of implanted materials to bond and link effectively with the neighbouring tissues. Orthopaedic biomaterial implants facilitates the regeneration and development of the bone. Its ability to mimic the natural biological processes is an important property.
The prime property of any biomaterial is its biocompatibility which can be defined as the ability of a material to perform an appropriate response in a given specific situation. If any biomaterial is not biologically compatible in the body, the host body will reject it and it may lead to severe negative health implications. Both bioactivity and biocompatibility are the most important properties of biomaterials. The other properties of biomaterials include fracture strength, elastic modulus, fracture toughness, hardness, fatigue, ductility etc.
The market is observing vibrant growth on account of increasing geriatric population and growing rate of hip and knee replacement surgical procedures. Rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and various types of sports related injuries are anticipated to drive the demand for biomaterials in upcoming years. Additionally, increase in the technological advancement coupled with rising awareness for biomaterials is expected to fuel the growth of the market. Furthermore, different types of advanced research and development activities in the field of medical surgeries and biomaterial implants are also expected to boost the market growth.
The biomaterials market is anticipated to record a CAGR of 11.7% over the forecast period i.e. 2019-2027. The market is segmented by type into ceramic, polymeric, metallic and others, out of which, the metallic biomaterials segment is anticipated to have leading market share in the global biomaterials market as they are strong and have high tensile strength. These metallic biomaterial implants are extensively used in orthopaedic surgical replacement procedures. They are also used widely in cosmetic surgeries, dental replacements and cardiovascular surgeries. They extensively facilitate the development and regeneration of the damaged or broken bone.CLICK TO DOWNLOAD FREE SAMPLE REPORT
There is an increased prevalence of road accidents across the globe. Many people worldwide die on the roads every day and tens of millions of people experience fatal injuries or disabilities every year. Though, the number of road accidents have decreased worldwide, there is still an increase in the prevalence of road accidents which includes deaths and serious fatalities. These road accidents contribute to many types of disabilities or structural deformities of legs, hands, limbs etc. which makes orthopaedic replacement a necessity. These road accidents can lead to other structural deformities in the body. With an increase in the road accident related injuries or fatalities, the market is expected to expand significantly over the forecast period.
Old people are extensively susceptible to the degradation of bone and dental health and have a higher chance of suffering from bone related disorders which includes osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis, hip and knee problems etc. The bone related disorders takes place because calcium leaches out from the bone which results in loss in bone density. Dental health also gets affected as people age, further resulting in the implantation of dental implants. According to National Institute of Health (NIH), geriatric population across the world is anticipated to increase. Globally, 8.5% of the world population (617 million) are aged 65 and over. According to the latest report, this percentage is expected to rise approximately 17% of the total worldwide population by the year 2050 (1.6 billion). This increase in the geriatric population is expected to boost the market share over the forecast period.
The most important property of biomaterial is biocompatibility. If it is not compatible with the biological system, the immune system will consider it foreign which will result in rejection that may lead to various types of health disorders that could be fatal. Such factors are anticipated to limit the growth of the market.
Our-in depth analysis of the global biomaterials market includes the following segments:
On the basis of regional analysis, the global biomaterials market is segmented into five major regions including North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America and Middle East & Africa region.
North America and Europe region are anticipated to lead the market because of the increase in investment by the government and rising awareness of tissue engineering. Further, rise in the geriatric population is also fuelling the growth of the market in these regions. Middle East and Africa and Asia Pacific markets are anticipated to showcase a significant growth over forecast period which can be attributed to the growing rate of implementation of biomaterials in medical surgery procedures in these regions.
The global biomaterials market is further classified on the basis of region as follows:
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