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5G in Information & Communication Technology

Every generation of wireless communication technologies has changed the way ICT businesses work

The fifth generation of mobile networks, or 5G, is a new and upgraded wireless global standard. A set of cell sites is used by 5G networks to segment their region into sectors and transmit radio waves carrying encoded data. The goal of employing 5G in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is to provide businesses with incredibly efficient and affordable connections so they can use it to expand their connected services. With speeds up to 100 times faster than 4G, 5G is giving people and businesses access to an era of endless possibilities. The full economic impact of 5G will likely be felt globally by 2035, supporting a variety of businesses and potentially enabling up to USD 13 trillion in products and services.


What are the benefits of 5G?

  • Increased Efficiency: The 5G network has a larger capacity than any prior mobile network generation, making it more dependable and efficient.
  • Higher Connectivity: With 5G, more people can have access to higher connectivity, reduced latency, and extended access.
  • Faster Connectivity: The speed of 5G is far faster than that of any existing network. 5G is the only network that, offers an average speed of more than 130 Mbps. Accordingly, connectivity would be significantly faster than it initially appears.

What attributes will 5G possess?

  • The performance required for widespread IoT is anticipated to be delivered by 5G networks. It will make it possible for a seemingly always-connected world.
  • In order to give improved and quick connectivity in private households, 5G delivers efficiency, power, and dependability.
  • It provides clever solutions for businesses across a wide range of industries, including transportation, logistics, healthcare, and agriculture.

What differentiates 5G from earlier generations?

  • 1G of mobile networks only offered an analog voice.
  • 2G supported voice and data, and machine-to-machine communications (M2M). It also provided straightforward solutions such as telematics, remote monitoring and control, and others.
  • 3G developed, web browsing considerably increased the IoT's potential, and invention increased.
  • Faster data and video streaming capabilities, as well as the development of cloud computing, were all made possible by 4G.

Application for 5G connectivity upgrades

  • 5G in Healthcare: Centers for robotic surgery and other medical services are rapidly growing. There is the need a meet the demands of both patients and doctors while also being straightforward, inexpensive, and widely available, whereas virtual healthcare is also expanding significantly. It can be difficult to deliver and receive pathology test results and large amounts of medical imaging data quickly. These huge files may be transported almost instantly with the 5G speed. With the aging of the population, there are more people with chronic illnesses. They can obtain medical consultation when they need it most thanks to 5G, which will relieve the stress of difficult trips to medical institutions. 5G connectivity is the proverbial cure that the future of healthcare requires, from speed and scalability to equity. As per recent data by 2030, the use of 5G in the healthcare industry would result in productivity improvements of more than USD 500 billion across the globe.
  • 5G in IoT: In relation to IoT-compatible devices, 5G essentially eliminates lag and enables quicker speeds and a higher device density. The major barriers to the development of the Internet of Things are eliminated by 5G's promise of low latency and large network capacity. The Internet of Things (IoT) can help businesses optimize corporate value by lowering their carbon emissions, smarter. Furthermore, 5G and IoT-connected enterprises will also contribute to the fight against climate change. With the help of 5G in IoT people will be able to leave a smart car parked in a garage and use the city's electrical infrastructure to get wireless charging while working. Drones and extremely dense sensor networks enable farmers in rural areas to more easily monitor and track their crops, livestock, and equipment. Users can anticipate individualized information streams catered to their preferences along with a more efficient society, and smart cities.
  • 5G in Manufacturing: The network qualities required for manufacturing are provided by 5G technology. In order to enable essential applications, low latency, and great dependability are required. Manufacturers can modify conventional quality assurance procedures by simplifying them with sensor technology and AI, thanks to the connectivity increase provided by 5G. The smart factory is a highly digitalized and interconnected setting where robots, machinery, and devices may function autonomously and self-heal bought by Industry 4.0 and IoT. 5G enables manufacturers to create incredibly dependable systems that can sustain the network of information running across various machines and devices, which is a major role in the development of these smart factories. In the upcoming years, it is anticipated that smart factories’ efficiency and cost-effectiveness will boost output by USD 1 billion.
  • 5G in Automotive and Transportation: 5G will enable intelligent transportation systems (ITS), that offer several advantages like improved safety, decreased traffic congestion, optimal fuel use, and a beneficial environmental impact.
  • 5G in Gaming and Virtual Reality: Low-latency 5G will significantly advance virtual reality (VR) apps, which depend on quick feedback and response times to produce a realistic experience. The enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB) category, which has a market share of more than 40%, was in the lead and is expected to grow quickly. The substantial portion can be due to 5G network operators' early attention to providing increased internet capabilities for purposes such as rapid cloud gaming, augmented reality & virtual reality, UHD video, and uninterrupted video chats. According to recent data mobile games generate about 50 percent of the total global gaming industry's revenues.
  • 5G in Satellites: Direct communication from the sky to the device through 5G satellite will soon be a reality. In addition to the terrestrial mobile 5G networks, a new generation of satellites will have 5G capabilities to enable full 5G coverage of the planet. A more immersive future is what 5G offers for games. 5G speeds will significantly improve high-definition live streaming, with the help of extremely low latency.
  • 5G in Agriculture: Farmers may determine with extreme precision which regions need water, or need pest control by using data from sensors placed right in the fields.
  • 5G in Logistics: Greater communication between vehicles and between vehicles and infrastructure itself may be possible with 5G.

How fast is 5G?

5G has the potential to be significantly quicker than 4G and have a higher capacity, with peak data speeds of up to 20 Gigabits per second (Gbps) and average data rates of more than 100 Megabits per second (Mbps).

How does 5G work?

5G uses a 5G NR air interface and is based on orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing principles. It utilizes higher radio frequencies, AND this makes it possible for it to transmit more data much more quickly. Open Radio Access Network will be utilized which will increase network efficiency and vendor interoperability. Industry-wide standards for RAN (Radio Access Network) interfaces are referred to as "Open RAN" (also known as "Open RAN"). This promotes equipment compatibility among providers. Thus, the technology offers less expensive network flexibility. Hardware and software are separated or disaggregated by O-RAN. The use of certain software with specific hardware is no longer necessary. An O-RAN architecture improves the network's flexibility and interoperability as a result. These are the main components of the O-RAN architecture:

  • Service Management and Orchestration Framework (SMO)
  • RAN Intelligent Controller (RIC)
  • O-Cloud
  • O-RAN central unit (O-CU)
  • O-RAN distributed unit (O-DU)
  • O-RAN Radio unit (O-RU)
Different kinds of 5G
  • Low-band 5G
  • C-band 5G
  • Mid-band 5G
  • Millimeter-wave 5G

How secure is 5G network?

In order to address many of the dangers present in today's 4G/3G/2G networks, 5G incorporates built-in security safeguards. 5G provides mobile consumers with secure internet connectivity so they may conduct business from a distance. Furthermore, it gives secure application access and delivers consistent user experiences. According to recent data, a ransomware attack happens every 14 seconds.

Few regions utilizing 5G
  • In 2019, China Unicom installed 5G in a few areas. As of November 2021, China Mobile claimed to have installed more than 560,000 5G base stations. China has also invested up to USD 40 billion in the construction of 718,000 5G base stations. Furthermore, China is anticipated to achieve a rate of more than 30% 5G penetration by 2025 compared to India.
  • When it comes to 5G implementation, South Korea is ahead of other nations. As of January 2020, more than 80 cities in the nation have 5G availability. Three carriers, SK Telecom, LG Uplus, and KT Corp., have collaborated on the rollout of 5G, and this cooperation appears to be the key to South Korea's success.
  • In 2019, 5G services were introduced in a number of cities by Vodafone Germany and Deutsche Telekom Germany. Deutsche Telekom launched 5G in Darmstadt, Berlin, Bonn, Munich, and Cologne. As of now, major cities have 5G connectivity.
  • By 2020, Japan's plan to introduce 5G mobile service was realized. NTT DOCOMO, the largest wireless provider in Japan, started testing for 5G in 2010. According to the communication ministry of Japan, 5G technology will be ten times faster than 4G and nearly 100 times faster than LTE, the technology that is currently most widely utilized in the nation.

What 5G technology means for society?

5G might hasten the transition to autonomous vehicles, easing the driver shortage and improving commuter safety for human drivers. Furthermore, 5G could enable IoT sensors in smart cities that are used in air quality monitoring to optimize traffic patterns and intersection safety. In addition, the 5 G technology can be utilized to connect equipment in hospitals that can remotely diagnose and treat patient concerns.

Why 5G services are booming in the Asia Pacific?

Owing to the rising demand for devices that support faster data rates, the region is witnessing a considerable surge in the manufacture of 5G-capable smartphones. As prominent smartphone manufacturers in the region continue to introduce handsets with 5G capabilities in response to rising demand. Hence, 5G services are expected to become increasingly popular.

Conclusion

The economic impact of 5G will be significant, and it will accelerate the 4th industrial revolution by accelerating the Internet of Things. Its real-time data transfer speed and reliability would greatly benefit sensors and control units located in machinery, infrastructure, and transport chains throughout the ICT industries.

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Swara Keni

Head- Global Business Development

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