"ESG: Paving the Path
to a Sustainable Future"

Why ESG Matters?

In the modern world, businesses are increasingly recognizing the importance of Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) considerations. ESG encompasses a company’s performance in areas like climate change action labor practices fairness, and board diversity promotion. Companies that prioritize these principles tend to enjoy stronger long-term financial performance while also displaying greater resilience against risks. For instance, Trillium Asset Management is an investment advisory based in Boston that currently oversees USD 5.5 billion worth of assets as of December 2021 by using a comprehensive set of ESG factors as part of its analysis for identifying companies positioned for sustained success. Additionally, there is a growing awareness among consumers and investors about the influence of their choices on the world. They are now seeking to endorse companies that align with their values and ESG plays a crucial role in determining which companies meet these criteria. A study conducted last year discovered that 87% of publicly traded companies, 77% of venture-backed companies, and 68% of privately owned companies had embraced ESG initiatives across the globe. By evaluating an organization’s performance through these three lenses it becomes feasible to pinpoint areas for enhancing sustainability and ethical practices.

Key Takeaways

  • ESG encompasses three critical components: environmental responsibility, social impact, and governance & ethical practices.
  • Environmental responsibility emphasizes sustainable practices such as reduction of carbon emissions, resource conservation, and embracing the use of renewable, and green energy.
  • Social impact focuses on ensuring fair labor, promoting diversity, and inclusion, in employee welfare supporting programs, encouragement to engage community-involvement activities.
  • Governance and ethical practices create an era where decisions are made more lucidly, based on ethical grounds, and risks are mitigated with the backdrop of regulatory compliance.
  • ESG parameters have now become a prerequisite for investors who relate them to sustainable financial growth. The massive upsurge in ESG investment funds has recently raised speculations regarding companies' transparency or truthfulness in regard to their ESG achievements.

In what ways does ESG consider the

environment, society, and the economy?

Assessing a company’s carbon footprint reduction efforts, and commitment to social justice and governance practices forms the foundation of ESG criteria. Companies and investors rely on these criteria to ascertain whether their investments align with their ethical principles and contribute positively towards sustainability. This blog explores how ESG criteria are utilized by companies and investors.

E - Environmental Impact

The environmental aspect is one of the crucial elements of ESG. This pertains to how a company affects the natural world. Encompassing resource utilization, emissions, and waste generation. It is essential for businesses to responsibly examine, and lower their environmental impact through smart waste management, and other steps. As it carries both ethical and financial consequences. For example, companies that heavily rely on fossil fuels could potentially face more regulation or taxes from governments aiming to lower carbon emissions. Conversely, companies that choose to invest in renewable energy sources might reap the benefits of incentives and subsidies. Moreover, consumers are growing more conscious of environmental concerns and might opt to support companies that prioritize sustainability.

Companies are now placing more emphasis on sustainability efforts in order to minimize their environmental footprint. Several factors can be taken into account as criteria for evaluating environmental sustainability, which include:

  • Energy efficiency and consumption of greenhouse gas emissions and carbon footprint reduction.
  • Natural resource conservation and waste reduction.
  • Water and air pollution prevention.
  • Biodiversity preservation.
  • Prevention of forest destruction as well as the mitigation of the release of harmful chemicals and pollutants.
S - Social Responsibility

The significance of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in business operations has risen considerably in recent times. Presently, it is considered imperative for companies to thrive not only financially, but also have a positive impact on society and the environment. Companies can bolster their standing by embarking on corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives that resonate with environmentally conscious consumers and investors alike; simultaneously they seem to be attracting, and retaining talent. Furthermore, enterprises that prioritize social considerations often assume responsibility for cultivating exemplary work environments characterized by equitable remuneration, ethical behavior & promoting diversity, and ensuring minimum damage to surrounding areas. Additionally, research indicates that 75% of consumers would stop buying from companies demonstrating apathy toward environmental concerns, labor rights & community well-being. Consequently, these factors exert a formidable influence on brands' success as measured by customer allegiance, employee morale, and overall public perception.

Furthermore, it is pertinent to take into account the following examples in addition to the aforementioned criteria:

  • Ensuring employees are fairly compensated including receiving a living wage
  • Implementing diverse, equitable, and inclusive programs (DEI)
  • Prioritizing employee engagement and fostering a positive work experience
  • Safeguarding the safety and well-being of workers at all times
  • Establishing robust privacy policies while ensuring data protection
  • Treat customers and suppliers fairly to enhance overall satisfaction levels
  • Promoting diversity initiatives alongside advocating for LGBTQ+ rights
  • Engaging in advocacy efforts pertaining to labor standards and human rights principles
G- Governance and Ethics

Governance and ethics are essential elements of the Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) framework that can significantly influence a company’s standing and financial performance. When companies place the utmost importance on transparency, accountability, and ethical conduct in their daily operations, they cultivate a sense of trust and loyalty among their stakeholders. In today's world, both consumers and investors are increasingly demanding that companies exhibit a sincere dedication toward social responsibility and environmental consciousness. Neglecting these aspects can lead to negative consequences such as damage to reputation, legal ramifications, as well as missed business prospects. However, through placing emphasis on governance principles along with ethical behavior within companies; risks can be effectively avoided while simultaneously achieving a competitive advantage in the marketplace. For instance; an assertive board comprising independent professionals possessing substantial expertise ensures regulatory compliance while providing necessary supervision over operations.

Some examples are as follows:

  • The leaders and managers of the company are responsible for guiding its operations and making important decisions.
  • It is crucial to provide an overview of the board’s composition, highlighting its diversity and structure, as this can impact the decision-making process.
  • Policies that govern executive compensation should be established to ensure fairness and accountability within the company.
  • Maintaining integrity and transparency in the financial sector is essential for building trust and credibility among stakeholders.
  • Implementing risk management initiatives and complying with regulations helps mitigate potential risks that could negatively impact the company.
  • Companies should adhere to rules regarding political donations, lobbying activities, & corruption prevention to maintain a clean image.

How does ESG investing

Work, & why is it important?

ESG investing has witnessed significant growth and now stands as a prominent investment strategy. This surge in popularity is evident through the growing interest exhibited by investors who are keen on allocating funds toward companies that prioritize environmental, social, and governance considerations. The integration of ESG principles into business practices brings about multiple benefits for companies. It helps enhance brand reputation, draw socially responsible investors towards the company's cause, and minimize risks. Notably, so is the fact that research findings indicate a shared proportionality of 62% between ESG propositions and equity returns. Furthermore, investors hold a strong belief that companies prioritizing their commitments towards ESG concerns are far more likely to enjoy the perks of long-term triumph when compared with entities that fail to grant significance to said concerns.

In order to inform investors relevant ESG data is provided through a series of steps. Organizations track internal ESG metrics that are specific to their industry, business composition, and corporate priorities. Subsequently, these metrics are made accessible to investors enabling them to compare the performance of various firms in the same industry and make well-informed investment decisions. Over the past four years, governmental bodies have witnessed a 75% increase in ESG reporting requirements. Consequently, the reports are examined by multiple ESG rating agencies, which assign corresponding ESG scores to the companies. By utilizing the scores provided by these rating agencies ESG investors can identify companies demonstrating strong performance in terms of environmental, social, and governance criteria.

ESG developments in recent years

  • In 2020, The World Economic Forum and the Big Four accounting firms collaborated to develop a standardized set of stakeholder capitalism metrics. The purpose of this initiative was to streamline and harmonize the reporting of ESG factors by companies.
  • In 2021, The European Union implemented the Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation, which introduced a fresh set of sustainability reporting requirements for financial services and investment companies.
  • In the year 2022, The Securities and Exchange Commission has put forth similar rule amendments that call for investment funds utilizing ESG criteria to provide more comprehensive disclosure and reporting. Furthermore, the IFRS Foundation after merging the standards of CDSB and SASB is in the process of developing IFRS Sustainability Disclosure Standards.
  • In January 2023 the Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive of the European Union came into effect. This directive now mandates that a total of 50,000 companies are obliged to submit their annual reports detailing the risks and opportunities associated with social and environmental factors.


In summary, it is imperative for businesses to give thorough consideration to ESG as a critical factor in today’s world. By incorporating ESG principles into their operations, companies can achieve both financial prosperity and contribute positively towards creating a more sustainable and just society. Throughout our analysis, we looked into the diverse dimensions of ESG encompassing its significant influence on the environment, social accountability, and ethical conduct. Additionally, we have engaged in discussions surrounding the proliferation of ESG investing and its gradual assimilation into a conventional approach adopted by investors. It is abundantly clear that ESG has ceased to be just another passing trend and has evolved into an imperative consideration for businesses seeking enduring success. We strongly urge companies to incorporate ESG principles into their operations and make sustainability and social responsibility top priorities.

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Swara Keni

Head- Global Business Development

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