Coal to Liquid Market Size & Share, by Liquefaction (Direct Coal Liquefaction, Indirect Coal Liquefaction); Product (Diesel, Gasoline, Other Fuels) - Global Supply & Demand Analysis, Growth Forecasts, Statistics Report 2023-2035

  • Report ID: 4884
  • Published Date: Aug 24, 2023
  • Report Format: PDF, PPT

Global Market Size, Forecast, and Trend Highlights Over 2023 - 2035

Coal to Liquid Market size is poised to cross USD 7 Billion by the end of 2035, growing at a CAGR of 5% during the forecast period, i.e., 2023 – 2035. In the year 2022, the industry size of coal to liquid was USD 5 Billion. The reason behind the growth is impelled by the growing number of automobiles. It is expected that the rising demand for fuel for running the transportation sectors is likely to augment the market growth. It is believed that over 1 billion passenger automobiles cruise the world's streets and roadways today. Moreover, as of April 2023, around 27 million cars have been produced in the world.

The increasing need to lower the carbon footprint is believed to fuel market growth. In comparison to other fossil fuels, coal has much lower carbon emissions thus making it a source of better fuel. Presently the globe emits approximately 50 billion tons of CO2e every year. This is more than 40% more than 1990 emissions, which were estimated to be roughly 35 billion tons.

Coal to Liquid Market
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Coal to Liquid Sector: Growth Drivers and Challenges

Growth Drivers

  • Government Efforts to Use Coal – The Department of Energy of the United States has announced an USD109.5 million investment in the economic development of coal and power plant communities. Furthermore, USD 19.5 million was awarded in funding for key mineral extraction from coal along with waste streams. This, as a result, would lead to the development of coal-to-liquid technology and as well as increase the demand for CTL.
  • Rising Production of Electricity - The majority of power plants used in centralized power generation are thermal power plants, which means they use fuel to heat steam, which then rotates a turbine and generates electricity. Despite a recent boom in renewable energy use, coal remains the primary source of electricity generation worldwide. Global energy generation has expanded dramatically over the past three decades, going from less than 11,000 terawatt-hours in 1990 to over 27,000 terawatt-hours in 2022, and from 2022 to 2025, it is predicted that global electricity demand would increase by more than 2% year on average.


  • Less economically viable than other fossil fuels - Coal to liquid is generally considered to be more expensive in comparison to other liquid fuel sources, such as petroleum, biofuels, and gas to liquid. CTL required a significant investment in technology and infrastructure, therefore the overall cost of producing CTL is generally higher than other fuels.
  • Negative impact on land, water, and wildlife habitats
  • Technological limitation as it is relatively new technology

Coal to Liquid Market: Key Insights

Base Year


Forecast Year




Base Year Market Size (2022)

~ USD 5 Billion

Forecast Year Market Size (2035)

~ USD 7 Billion

Regional Scope

  • North America (U.S., and Canada)
  • Latin America (Mexico, Argentina, Rest of Latin America)
  • Asia-Pacific (Japan, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Australia, Rest of Asia-Pacific)
  • Europe (U.K., Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Russia, NORDIC, Rest of Europe)
  • Middle East and Africa (Israel, GCC North Africa, South Africa, Rest of the Middle East and Africa)
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Coal to Liquid Segmentation

Product (Diesel, Gasoline)

The diesel segment is estimated to account for 65% share of the global coal to liquid market in the coming years. The process of turning coal into liquids, such as diesel or petrol, is known as coal-to-liquids (CTL), which is regarded as one of the technological solutions to lower petroleum usage in on-road transportation as a diesel alternative. In conventional engines with compression, CTL diesel fuel can be utilized in pure form or as a useful addition to a mixture to improve intermediate distillate streams which has the highest quality in all of these areas. Diesel presently has around 30% market share. In addition to this, every day, nearly 2 million buses travel on Indian highways, and the majority of them are powered by diesel.

Liquefaction (Direct Coal Liquefaction, Indirect Coal Liquefaction)

Coal to liquid market from the indirect coal liquefaction electronics segment is set to garner a notable share of 60% shortly. Liquid fuels generated from coal using indirect coal liquefaction technology have a higher energy density than coal. Therefore, it makes the fuel more convenient to transport and use, and it potentially improves the fuel efficiency in power plants and vehicles. On the other hand, the ICL has a lower impact on the environment as it produces lower greenhouse gas emissions and pollutants that direct coal liquefaction. Moreover, the operational cost of the indirect procedure is much lower than the direct procedure as they operate at low temperatures and pressures.

Our in-depth analysis of the global market includes the following segments:


  • Direct Coal Liquefaction
  •  Indirect Coal Liquefaction


  • Diesel
  • Gasoline

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Coal to Liquid Industry- Regional Synopsis

APAC Market Forecast

Coal to Liquid market in Asia Pacific is predicted to account for the largest share of 35% by 2035 impelled by the huge presence of coal reserves. China possesses proven reserves that are more than 34 times as much as its yearly usage, ranking second in the world after the United States. This, as a result, may lead to a higher supply of coal in the region and make coal an attractive option as a source of fuel for various purposes. In 2020, China's proven coal reserves were estimated to be over 143 billion metric tonnes.

European Market Statistics

The Europe coal to liquid market is estimated to be the second largest, during the forecast timeframe led by increasing production of coal. Germany is Europe's top coal producer. Germany extracted around 107 million metric tons of lignite in 2020. In comparison, Poland was the largest and one of the few producers of hard coal that year, with around 54 million metric tons. As a result, there is a huge availability of coal which would attract more investment in coal to liquid technology in the region.

Research Nester
Coal to Liquid Market Size
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Companies Dominating the Coal to Liquid Landscape

    • Linc Energy Systems
      • Company Overview
      • Business Strategy
      • Key Product Offerings
      • Financial Performance
      • Key Performance Indicators
      • Risk Analysis
      • Recent Development
      • Regional Presence
      • SWOT Analysis
    • DKRW Energy LLC
    • China Shenhua Energy Co. Ltd
    • Coal India Ltd.
    • Altona Rare Earths PLC
    • Siemens Energy
    • Sasol Ltd.
    • JSW Steel
    • Celanese Corporation
    • TransGas Development Systems, LLC.
    • Invinity Energy, Systems
    • BHP Group plc


In The News

  • JSW Steel acquired steelmaking coal business of Canada’s Teck Resources worth more than USD 1 billion.
  • China Shenhua Energy Co. Ltd announced the launch of their-very own developed Coal Robot. It contributes to safe and convenient coal crushing, considerably decreasing labor intensity and potential worker safety concerns.

Author Credits:  Payel Roy, Dhruv Bhatia

  • Report ID: 4884
  • Published Date: Aug 24, 2023
  • Report Format: PDF, PPT

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Growing number of automobiles and the increasing need to lower the carbon footprint are the major factors driving the growth of the market.

The market size of Coal to Liquid is anticipated to attain a CAGR of 5% over the forecast period, i.e., 2023-2035.

The major players in the market are DKRW Energy LLC, China Shenhua Energy Co. Ltd, Coal India Ltd., Altona Rare Earths PLC, Siemens Energy, Sasol Ltd., Celanese Corporation, TransGas Development Systems, LLC., Invinity Energy, Systems.

The diesel segment is anticipated to garner the largest market size by the end of 2035 and display significant growth opportunities.

The market in the Asia Pacific region is projected to hold the largest market share by the end of 2035 and provide more business opportunities in the future.
Coal to Liquid Market Report Scope

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