An autonomous automobile is one which can navigate itself in autopilot mode from a starting point to a predefined destination by utilizing different in-car technology and sensors. The autonomous vehicle anatomy breaks down into many different rent levels. SAE International (Society of Automotive Engineers) has set different levels of automation level:
The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a satellite-based navigation and surveying system for the determination of precise position and time, using radio signals from the satellites, in real-time or post-processing mode. The GPS tracking device is used as a location device. It is used to provide the geographical location of any object on the earth’s surface using satellite data, including navigation on land, air, and sea, determining the precise coordinates of geographical features. As it is a vital source for mapping and Geographical Information Systems (GIS).
On-board diagnostics (OBD) is the vehicle’s built-in self-diagnostic system. It is the standard protocol for retrieving vehicle diagnostics information in most light-duty automobiles. On-board diagnostics refers to the automotive electronic system that offers repair technicians vehicle self-diagnosis and reporting capabilities. An OBD provides technicians with access to subsystem data for the purposes of performance monitoring and analyzing repair requirements. The OBD is generally found on the driver's side of the automobile, under the dashboard. The port could be 16-pin, 6-pin, or 9-pin depending on the type of car. The OBD 2 provides access to status information and Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs).
The growing integration of 5G in vehicle models, increasing vehicle safety, security norms, rising commercial vehicles, and the incorporation of IoT in the automotive industry is expected to be major factor rising demand for connected vehicles in Asia Pacific. According to statistics from the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development's database, global ICT goods exports (as a percentage of total goods exports) increased from 10.816 in 2015 to 11.536 in 2019. In 2019, these exports totaled 56.65% in Hong Kong SAR, China, 25.23% in East Asia & Pacific, 26.50% in China, 25.77% in Korea, Rep., 8.74% in the US, and 35.01% in Vietnam. According to a recent study, 5G technology connected car sales volume in China would reach roughly 7 million units by 2025, accounting for 40% of the overall connected vehicle sales rate in the country.
With cars becoming more advanced and the need to travel, safety, efficiency, and entertainment, that all come from wireless data communication. Therough enabling secure interoperable networked wireless communication among cars infrastructure and personal communication devices, connected vehicle technology will most likely transform the transportation system. In addition, with a slew of major corporations upping their game in the collaborative arena, linked cars are ready to benefit the planet. As of April 2021, more than 4.5 billion people were actively utilizing the Internet worldwide. Furthermore, the rise of the ICT sector has considerably contributed to GDP growth, labor productivity, and R&D spending, among other economic transformations in various countries around the world.