Agriculture- Resilience amid global crisis

Agriculture- Resilience amid global crisis

As we know that agriculture sector is extremely crucial to the worlds economic growth and it accounts for around 4% global gross domestic roduct. In fact, it has been estimated that in some of the develoing countries, agriculture can account for more than almost 25.1% of the gross domestic roduct. Well, keeing these figures in mind, it is no exaggeration that agriculture is the back bone of the world economy and arimary source of food, emloyemet, and income. With the adevent of the andemic and other factors, the sectors has came into terms with numerous ositive as well as negative factors. In this blog, we will understand the global challenges facing by the agriculture sector. We will also discuss what are the factors making the sector resilience amid the crisis.

Challenges Ahead the Global Agriculture Sector-

  1. Global Food Crisis

Issues such as border closures, confinement measures, and trade restrictions have been preventing farmers from various of activities such as-

  • Accessing markets
  • Harvesting cros
  • Buying inputs and selling their produce

All these factors disrupt the international as well as domestic food chains. This also reduce access to the healthy, safe and hygienic food.

Furthermore, the disruption in the food chains affect the farmers. If the food suly does not kee with the food cost rise, growth in the demand, and attracting the resources, this causes fall in the farm incomes and resources out of agriculture.

  1. Exploding oulation

The data revealed by the United Nations states that the world oulation is almost 7.71 billion. This data is expected to rise to 8.51 billion by the eyar 2030. The rise in this data is directly related to the high demand of resources such as water, energy, food etc.

Furthermore, a research also states that the current food consumption rate of an average US citizen is equivalent to 4 Earths will be required to sustain them.

The demand for food is rising and expected to rise more in the coming years. On the back of this, several nations are gradually transitioning the food production and consumption methods. All of this is rising Co2 emissions and agriculture sector is emitting an estimated of 18% of the green house gases.

The expansion of agriculture to feed a growing world oulation is a prominent concern for the food security and the global diversity.

Research Nester found out that the rising oulation and demand for food mean that farmers are expected to raise the production by at least 23.1% to maintain the current life standard.   

  1. Bad Agriculture Practices

Various unsustainable practices within the agricultural domain are making the ground nutrient deficient and producing less healthy food. The mal practice of not rotating the crops and keep on growing just one type of cro makes the farms susceptible to the pathogens.

There are various other challenges such as environmental affects, pandemic, climate changes and conflicts are making farmers vulnerable. Although, there are solutions to the famers to be resilient against these factors amid the global crisis.

Solutions Amidst the Crisis-

  1. Fair trades for The Farmers

A study conducted by the Research Nester states that farmers who are art of various certified fair trades are more resilient against the crisis. Joining the fair trades improves the access to agriculture services such as premium markets and organic trading. This enables the farmers to negotiate for the higher costs than from the conventional market rices. The other benefits of visiting the fair trades are given as follows-

  • Increased earnings
  • Stronger safety nets
  • Boosted savings
  • Transparent decision making  
  1. Introduction of The Technology

The introduction of technologies in the agriculture sector transform the way farmers grow and manage their produce. These have capacity to improve the lively hood of the farmers. Some of the main benefits of the introduction of the technology are as follows-

  • Rise in the overall production
  • Reducing the impact on the natural eco systems
  • Ensuring the safer growing conditions 

Here are some of the example of technologies which farmers are inculcating-

  • Bee vectoring technologies
  • Indoor vertical farming- The vertical farming market size was almost USD 4 billion in the year 2o22.
  • Precision agriculture- The global precision agriculture farming market was anticipated at USD 9.4 billion in the year 2o22.
  • Live stock technologies- The livestock monitoring market was estimated to be worth USD 1.61 billion in the year 2o22.
  • Farm automation- The global agriculture robots market size was USD 6.9 billion in the year 2o21.
  • Minichromosomal technology
  1. Crop diversification

A research found out that Out of almost 6,000 plant species approximately 66.1% come just from the 9 species. It is high time to diversify the with multi cropping. Here is how crop diversification can aid to restore the ecological balance-

  • Divides the risk
  • Maximise the farmer profit
  • Ecological benefits
  • Increases the harvest
  • Increases the foreign exchange
  • Aids in improving the soil fertility
  • Helpful in handling weeds
  • Lowers the plant diseases when compared to mono-cropping
  • Heightens the harvest of per unit of land

Wrapping up,

The farmers are the most vulnerable to the environmental and governmental crisis. Although, opting for various methodologies can definitely eradicate the risk of the loss and risks. The inculcation of various different methods are helpful in making the farmers resilient amidst the crisis and the challenges posed by various factors. Also, in the coming times there will be requirement of the more advanced farming to keep a pace with the rising demand globally.

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